In the Bible, there are 7 different kinds of slavery. They go as follows:
- Servant: A hireling, as in Leviticus 19. Servants were wage slaves -- someone else hired them to complete certain tasks, but were not owned by their masters.In modern terms: A servant.
- Indenture: Contractor (Deuteronomy 15) -- A servant who is bound for a specific period of time to a particular master in exchange for money. (In modern terms: an apprentice)
- Servile: A debtor (Proverbs 22) -- One who contracts to borrow money or goods for a time, but pays repays the debt in a timely. Modern equivalent: the receiver of a land loan.
- Bondsman: Restitor (Exodus 32) -- one who has stolen and is required to pay the owner; make restitution. Modern equivalent: community service man.
- Vassal: Peasant yeoman (Deuteronomy 20) -- one who lives on a large estate and agrees to work for the landlord in exchange for free housing and garden plot. Modern equivalent: Host houses.
- Doulas: Covenantally bound (Exodus 21) -- volunteer who decides to serve a master for life in a covenantal relationship. Example: Samwise Gamgee.
- Chattel: Property (Leviticus 25). Prisoners of war and certain criminals; did not loose all freedom. The had the option of redemption during the Year of Jubilee.